General information

This important prehistoric site made its mark in the history of research into the European Neolithic with the discovery of the circular socio-cultic enclosure – the so-called roundel. Between 1968 and 1978 it was the first comprehensively examined feature of this kind in Central Europe. In 1964 the former department of prehistory of Brno University started excavations at the “Sutny” location supervised by Vladimír Podborský, who is the author of several monographs on the site. The excavation work, which is connected with the regular practical education of the students, is carried out annually by the Institute of Archaeology and Museology at the Faculty of Arts of Masaryk University in Brno.

Apart from the roundel ditch and its three palisades over 800 half-sunken features, several dozen ground plans of structures and 26 graves have been investigated within an area exceeding 5 hectares. The majority of the features belong to Neolithic occupation with linear, stroke-ornamented and painted pottery of the Lengyel culture. Based on the completed geophysical survey the Neolithic settlement areas, mainly with linear pottery, extend over a much larger area of many hectares. The period of Neolithic occupation on the site yielded one of the most extensive collections of anthropomorphic and zoomorphic artefacts in Central Europe.

Finds from post-Neolithic occupation that should be mentioned comprise of features from the Baden culture with channel-decorated pottery and two recently uncovered graves of the Funnel Beaker culture from the end of the Eneolithic. The investigation included several features from the Late and Early Bronze Age. A settlement area from the Hallstatt period with the Horák culture is also remarkable (Golec 2005).